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Res Immunol. 1998 Sep-Oct;149(7-8):643-6.

Monocyte-derived dendritic cells: development of a cellular processor for clinical applications.

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ImmunoDesigned Molecules, Paris.


Since dendritic cells (DCs) are the most professional antigen-presenting cells, (Schuler et al., 1997), increasing interest in their use in clinical approaches has been observed. (Nestle et al., 1998; Murphy G. et al., 1996). We have developed an ex vivo standardized process for the generation of dendritic-like cells (MAC-DCs) from human blood circulating monocytes. Human monocytes can differentiate into very different functional cells according to the conditions of culture, media and cytokines used. In the present study, we demonstrate that both pure monocytes and mononuclear cells differentiate into DCs when they are grown in defined medium AIM-V in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plus IL13 and in approved biocompatible non-adherent bags. Quality and functional controls of the immature DCs obtained rely on bacterial sterility, viability, morphology and recovery. The MAC-DCs also present an immature DC phenotype with a low expression of CD14 and CD64, and high expression of MHC-I, MHC-II and CD40. They also express B7 costimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86), CD83, and CD1a molecules. They induce strong allogenic T-cell proliferation (mixed lymphocyte reaction as well as proliferation of autologous memory T lymphocytes when incubated in the presence of recall antigens (tuberculosis, Candida albicans, and tetanus toxoid). They also show an increase in phagocytic uptake of yeast, tumour cells and debris. The global closed system which, under reproducible good medical practice (GMP) conditions, enables the production of dendritic cells of clinical quality, has been optimized ("Vac Cell Processor"). It contains all bags, connections, media, reagents, washing solutions, control antibodies, standard operating procedures, data management, traceability and help in the form of dedicated software.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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