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Eur J Cancer. 1998 Jul;34(8):1220-3.

Veno-occlusive disease of the liver in right-sided Wilms' tumours.

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Division of Paediatric Oncology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.


Veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD) is an important complication in children with Wilms' tumour. Although in most patients this complication resolves uneventfully, fatal cases have been reported. Several observations strongly suggest that actinomycin-D is the likeliest cause of VOD in Wilms' tumour, but VOD seems to be rather uncommon in other malignancies treated with chemotherapy including actinomycin-D. The present case of VOD and the review of the literature stress the pathogenetic and clinical implications of VOD in the presence of a Wilms' tumour treated with actinomycin-D, originating in the right kidney. Greater awareness of this 'predisposing factor' may alert paediatricians to the presence of minimal signs of the syndrome.

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