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Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Jan 1;27(1):355-7.

The Protein Mutant Database.

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Center for Information Biology, National Institute of Genetics, 1111 Yata, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan.


Currently the protein mutant database (PMD) contains over 81 000 mutants, including artificial as well as natural mutants of various proteins extracted from about 10 000 articles. We recently developed a powerful viewing and retrieving system (, which is integrated with the sequence and tertiary structure databases. The system has the following features: (i) mutated sequences are displayed after being automatically generated from the information described in the entry together with the sequence data of wild-type proteins integrated. This is a convenient feature because it allows one to see the position of altered amino acids (shown in a different color) in the entire sequence of a wild-type protein; (ii) for those proteins whose 3D structures have been experimentally determined, a 3D structure is displayed to show mutation sites in a different color; (iii) a sequence homology search against PMD can be carried out with any query sequence; (iv) a summary of mutations of homologous sequences can be displayed, which shows all the mutations at a certain site of a protein, recorded throughout the PMD.

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