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Plant Physiol. 1998 Dec;118(4):1431-8.

Several thaumatin-like proteins bind to beta-1,3-glucans.

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Département de Phytologie, Faculté des Sciences de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, Université Laval, Québec, Canada G1K 7P4.


Pathogenesis-related proteins from intercellular fluid washings of stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves were analyzed to determine their binding to various water-insoluble polysaccharides. Three proteins (19, 16, and 15 kD) bound specifically to several water-insoluble beta-1,3-glucans. Binding of the barley proteins to pachyman occurred quickly at 22 degreesC at pH 5.0, even in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl, 0.2 M urea, and 1% (v/v) Triton X-100. Bound barley proteins were released by acidic treatments or by boiling in sodium dodecyl sulfate. Acid-released barley proteins could bind again specifically and singly to pachyman. Water-soluble laminarin and carboxymethyl-pachyman competed for the binding of the barley proteins to pachyman. The N-terminal sequence of the 19-kD barley beta-1,3-glucan-binding protein showed near identity to the barley seed protein BP-R and high homology to other thaumatin-like (TL) permatins. The 16-kD barley protein was also homologous to TL proteins, whereas the 15-kD barley protein N-terminal sequence was identical to the pathogenesis-related Hv-1 TL protein. Antifungal barley protein BP-R and corn (Zea mays) zeamatin were isolated by binding to pachyman. Two extracellular proteins from stressed pea (Pisum sativum L.) also bound to pachyman and were homologous to TL proteins.

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