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Am J Pathol. 1998 Dec;153(6):1969-76.

Differential expression of cyclin D1 in mantle cell lymphoma and other non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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Department of Hematologic and lymphatic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.


Mantle-cell lymphomas are associated with a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(11;14)(q13;q32). This translocation involves rearrangement of the bcl-1 proto-oncogene from chromosome 11 to the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene on chromosome 14, resulting in an overexpression of cyclin D1 mRNA (also known as bcl-1 and PRAD1). In the current study performed on paraffin-embedded tissue, cyclin D1 mRNA could be detected in 23 of 24 mantle-cell lymphomas by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) whereas only 9 of 24 demonstrated a t(11;14) by PCR. However, we also found that cyclin D1 mRNA could be detected in the majority (11 of 17, 65%) of non-mantle-cell lymphomas and in a minority of atypical lymphoid hyperplasias (3 of 7, 43%). Cyclin D1 mRNA expression was not observed in floridly reactive lymph nodes (0 of 9) or in unstimulated lymph nodes (0 of 20), suggesting that it is a sensitive adjunct marker for malignant lymphoproliferative processes, but not specific for mantle-cell lymphoma. A semiquantitative RT-PCR assay was developed that compared the ratio of cyclin D1 to the constitutively expressed gene beta2-microglobulin. Using this assay on a limited number of our specimens, cyclin D1 overexpression in mantle-cell lymphoma could be reliably distinguished from its expression in other non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. This assay for cyclin D1 expression, designed for formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue, was a very sensitive and specific marker for mantle-cell lymphoma.

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