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IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1998 Aug;17(4):550-61.

Quantitative microwave imaging with a 2.45-GHz planar microwave camera.

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  • 1Laboratoire des Signaux et Syst√®mes/Service d'Electromagn√©tisme (CNRS/SUPELEC), Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


This paper presents microwave tomographic reconstructions of the complex permittivity of lossy dielectric objects immersed in water from experimental multiview near-field data obtained with a 2.45-GHz planar active microwave camera. An iterative reconstruction algorithm based on the Levenberg-Marquardt method was used to solve the nonlinear matrix equation which results when applying a moment method to the electric field integral representation. The effects of uncertainties in experimental parameters such as the exterior medium complex permittivity, the imaging system geometry and the incident field at the object location are illustrated by means of reconstructions from synthetic data. It appears that the uncertainties in the incident field have the strongest impact on the reconstructions. A receiver calibration procedure has been implemented and some ways to access to the incident field at the object location have been assessed.

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