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Anat Rec. 1976 Oct;186(2):185-205.

Monosodium glutamate induced lesions of the arcuate nucleus. I. Endocrine deficiency and ultrastructure of the median eminence.


Monosodium glutamate was administered daily on days 5 through 10 postnatally at a dose of 2.5 mg/gm body weight. Counts of remaining perikarya in the arcuate nucleus of adult mice indicated approximately an 80% decrease in the number of perikarya. The arcuate lesion resulted in endocrine deficits; reporductive capacity was reduced, animals were smaller in stature and obese, and the weights of the anterior pituitary, ovaries and testes were significantly decreased while adrenals were unaffected. Light microscopic studies revealed no significant changes in thickness or general histological appearance of the median eminence. At the electron microscope level, there were no alterations in the number of nerve terminals or dense core vesicles per unit area in the contact zone. These observations suggest that afferents to the median eminence from the arcuate nucleus may form a relatively small portion of its total nerve terminal population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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