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Biochem Mol Biol Int. 1998 Nov;46(4):643-56.

Quantification of prostaglandin D synthetase in cerebrospinal fluid: a potential marker for brain tumor.

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Population Council, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Prostaglandin D synthetase (PGD-S; prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase, EC 5,3,99,2), a 30 kDa glycoprotein also known as beta-trace protein that catalyzes the formation of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) from PGH2, was purified to apparent homogeneity from human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using a two-step procedure involving HPLC on a Vydac C8 reversed-phase column and high performance electrophoresis chromatography (HPEC) using a 10% T SDS-polyacrylamide gel. The purity of PGD-S isolated from CSF was confirmed by silver stained SDS-polyacrylamide gel and direct protein microsequencing (NH2-APEAQVSVQPNFQ). A highly specific polyclonal antibody was prepared against this protein for immunoassay development. Using an ELISA, it was found that the concentration of PGD-S in CSF did not alter significantly in different pathological conditions of the central nervous system (CNS). These include dementia (n = 9), hydrocephalus (n = 4), neuropathy (n = 11), optic neuritis (n = 4), multiple sclerosis (n = 11), and demyelinating syndrome (n = 11), when compared to normal individuals (n = 12); however, the level of PGD-S in the CSF obtained from patients with brain tumor (n = 11), was reduced by as much as 2-fold when compared to control samples (n = 12) illustrating PGD-S is a potentially useful marker for brain tumor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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