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Am J Physiol. 1998 Dec;275(6):G1423-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.6.G1423.

Intrahepatic STAT-3 activation and acute phase gene expression predict outcome after CLP sepsis in the rat.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283, USA.

Abstract

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) regulates hepatic acute phase responses by activating the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3. IL-6 also may modulate septic pathophysiology. We hypothesize that 1) STAT-3 activation and transcription of alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M) correlate with recovery from sepsis and 2) STAT-3 activation and A2M transcription reflect intrahepatic and not serum IL-6. Nonlethal sepsis was induced in rats by single puncture cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and lethal sepsis via double-puncture CLP. STAT-3 activation and A2M transcription were detected at 3-72 h and intrahepatic IL-6 at 24-72 h following single-puncture CLP. All were detected only at 3-16 h following double-puncture CLP and at lower levels than following single-puncture CLP. Loss of serum and intrahepatic IL-6 activity after double-puncture CLP correlated with mortality. Neither intrahepatic nor serum IL-6 levels correlated with intrahepatic IL-6 activity. STAT-3 activation following single-puncture CLP inversely correlated with altered transcription of gluconeogenic, ketogenic, and ureagenic genes. IL-6 may have both beneficial and detrimental effects in sepsis. Fulminant sepsis may decrease the ability of hepatocytes to respond to IL-6.

PMID:
9843780
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.6.G1423
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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