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Am J Physiol. 1998 Dec;275(6):G1402-14. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.6.G1402.

Early NF-kappaB activation is associated with hormone-induced pancreatitis.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Los Angeles and University of California, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA.

Abstract

Inflammation and cell death are critical to pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. Here we show that transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which regulates these processes, is activated and plays a role in rat cerulein pancreatitis. NF-kappaB was strongly activated in the pancreas within 30 min of cerulein infusion; a second phase of NF-kappaB activation was prominent at 3-6 h. This biphasic kinetics could result from observed transient degradation of the inhibitory protein IkappaBalpha and slower but sustained degradation of IkappaBbeta. The hormone also caused NF-kappaB translocation and IkappaB degradation in vitro in dispersed pancreatic acini. Both p65/p50 and p50/p50, but not c-Rel, NF-kappaB complexes were manifest in pancreatitis and in isolated acini. Coinfusion of CCK JMV-180, which abolishes pancreatitis, prevented cerulein-induced NF-kappaB activation. The second but not early phase of NF-kappaB activation was inhibited by a neutralizing tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) blocked NF-kappaB activation and significantly improved parameters of pancreatitis. In particular, NAC inhibited intrapancreatic trypsin activation and mRNA expression of cytokines interleukin-6 and KC, which were dramatically induced by cerulein. The results suggest that NF-kappaB activation is an important early event that may contribute to inflammatory and cell death responses in acute pancreatitis.

PMID:
9843778
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.6.G1402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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