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Am J Physiol. 1998 Dec;275(6):E1016-22. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1998.275.6.E1016.

Role of local contractile activity and muscle fiber type on LPL regulation during exercise.

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1
Integrative Biology, Pharmacology, and Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of local contractile activity on lipoprotein lipase (LPL) regulation in skeletal muscle. Short-term voluntary run training increased LPL mRNA concentration and LPL immunoreactive mass about threefold in white skeletal muscles of the rat hindlimb (all P < 0.01). Training also increased total and heparin-releasable LPL enzyme activity in white hindlimb muscles and in postheparin plasma (P < 0.05). Training did not enhance LPL regulation in a white muscle that was not recruited during running (masseter). LPL levels were already high in red skeletal muscles of control rats, and training did not result in a further rise. In resting rats, local electrical stimulation of a motor nerve to a predominantly white muscle caused a significant rise in LPL mRNA, immunoreactive mass, and enzyme activity relative to the contralateral control muscle of the same animals (all P < 0.01). Finally, LPL expression was several times greater in a red muscle (soleus) of rats with normal postural activity than rats with immobilized hindlimbs (P < 0.01). In summary, these studies support the hypothesis that local contractile activity is required for increasing LPL expression during exercise training and for maintaining a high level of LPL expression in postural muscles.

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