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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998 Dec;85(6):2075-81.

Effects of the ovarian cycle on sympathetic neural outflow during static exercise.

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  • 1Section of Cardiology, Department of Health Evaluation Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey PA, 17033, USA. settinge@med.hmc.psghs.edu

Abstract

We compared reflex responses to static handgrip at 30% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in 10 women (mean age 24.1 +/- 1.7 yr) during two phases of their ovarian cycle: the menstrual phase (days 1-4) and the follicular phase (days 10-12). Changes in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; microneurography) in response to static exercise were greater during the menstrual compared with follicular phase (phase effect P = 0.01). Levels of estrogen were less during the menstrual phase (75 +/- 5.5 vs. 116 +/- 9.6 pg/ml, days 1-4 vs. days 10-12; P = 0.002). Generated tension did not explain differences in MSNA responses (MVC: 29.3 +/- 1.3 vs. 28.2 +/- 1.5 kg, days 1-4 vs. days 10-12; P = 0.13). In a group of experiments with the use of 31P-NMR spectroscopy, no phase effect was observed for H+ and H2PO-4 concentrations (n = 5). During an ischemic rhythmic handgrip paradigm (20% MVC), a phase effect was not observed for MSNA or H+ or H2PO-4 concentrations, suggesting that blood flow was necessary for the expression of the cycle-related effect. The present studies suggest that, during static handgrip exercise, MSNA is increased during the menstrual compared with the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle.

PMID:
9843528
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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