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Eur J Immunol. 1998 Nov;28(11):3867-77.

Pyk2 is differentially regulated by beta1 integrin- and CD28-mediated co-stimulation in human CD4+ T lymphocytes.

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Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, IL 60637-1463, USA.


Beta1 integrins can provide T cell co-stimulation, but little is known concerning their downstream signaling pathways. We found that Pyk2, a focal adhesion kinase-related tyrosine kinase, is regulated by beta1 integrin signaling in human T cells. Stimulation of Jurkat T cells with the alpha4beta1 integrin ligand VCAM-1 results in Pyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation, and combined stimulation with VCAM-1 and anti-CD3 mAb induces rapid and sustained synergistic Pyk2 phosphorylation. Studies with mAb suggest that in synergistic CD3- and alpha4beta1 integrin-mediated Pyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation, a major contribution of CD3-derived signals is independent of their effects on regulating integrin adhesion. Analysis of resting human CD4+ T cells confirmed the ability of CD3-derived signals to synergize with beta1 integrin-dependent signals in the induction of Pyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation. In addition, although CD28-mediated co-stimulatory signals were able to synergize with CD3-mediated signals in inducing ERK and JNK activation and secretion of IL-2 in the primary T cells, they did not contribute to the induction of Pyk2 phosphorylation. Taken together, these results indicate a potential role for Pyk2 in T cell co-stimulation mediated specifically by beta1 integrins.

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