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Eur J Immunol. 1998 Nov;28(11):3696-705.

Lymphocyte-specific chemokine receptor CXCR3: regulation, chemokine binding and gene localization.

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Theodor-Kocher Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland.


Expression of CXCR3, the receptor for the CXC chemokines IFN-gamma-inducible 10-kDa protein (IP10) and monokine induced by IFN-gamma (Mig), in human T lymphocytes and their responses to IP10 and Mig were analyzed. About 40 % of resting T lymphocytes (and low numbers of B cells and natural killer cells) stained positive for CXCR3 but these cells did not express CXCR3 transcripts and did not respond to these chemokines. However, treatment with IL-2 with or without addition of phytohemagglutinin for 10 or more days resulted in cultures of fully responsive, CXCR3-positive T lymphocytes. Treatment with anti-CD3 antibodies in the presence or absence of soluble anti-CD28 antibodies was inhibitory. Addition of chondroitin sulfate C to CXCR3-expressing murine pre-B cells allowed the determination of high-affinity binding for Mig and IP10 with Kd of 0.9-1.2 nM and 0.2-0.3 nM, respectively, and 1.3 x 10(4) binding sites per cell. The gene for CXCR3 was localized on human chromosome Xq13 which is in clear contrast to all other chemokine receptor genes, suggesting unique function(s) for this receptor and its ligands that may lie beyond their established role in T cell-dependent immunity.

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