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J Infect Dis. 1999 Jan;179(1):172-9.

Interleukin-6 and disease severity in patients with bacteremic and nonbacteremic febrile urinary tract infection.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, Division of Clinical Immunology, Lund University, Sweden.


An interleukin-6 (IL-6) response was detected in 81 patients with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs). Bacteremic patients (n=24) had higher serum IL-6 at inclusion and throughout the first 24 h (P<. 01) and higher urine IL-6 from 6 h after start of therapy (P<.01) than did nonbacteremic patients (n=57). The serum and urine IL-6 responses remained elevated longer in the bacteremic group. Patients with clinical signs of pyelonephritis had higher serum and urine IL-6 concentrations than did other patients in the study population (P=.058, P<.01, respectively). IL-6 high responders had higher temperatures (P<.05) and C-reactive protein levels (P<.05, P<.01) than did low responders. The results demonstrate that IL-6 responses accompany febrile UTIs regardless of bacteremia and that the response reflects disease severity. The results suggest that IL-6 produced in the urinary tract can trigger the systemic host response in the absence of bacteremia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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