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J Infect Dis. 1999 Jan;179(1):107-14.

Oral, inactivated, whole cell enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli plus cholera toxin B subunit vaccine: results of the initial evaluation in children. PRIDE Study Group.

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1
US Naval Medical Research Unit Number 3, Bethesda, MD, USA. savarino@namru3.navy.mil

Abstract

Two randomized, double-blinded trials assessed the safety and immunogenicity of an oral, killed enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) plus cholera toxin B subunit vaccine in Egyptian children. Two doses of vaccine or E. coli K-12 were given 2 weeks apart to 105 6- to 12-year-olds and 97 2- to 5-year-olds. Safety was monitored for 3 days after each dose. Blood was collected before immunization and 7 days after each dose to measure immune responses. Few children reported postdosing symptoms, with no differences in the frequency of symptoms between treatment groups. Most vaccinees had an IgA antibody-secreting cell response against colonization factor antigen I (100%, 6-12 years; 95%, 2-5 years), coli surface antigen 2 (92%, 6-12 years; 83%, 2-5 years), and coli surface antigen 4 (93%, 6-12 years). Vaccination evoked a >/=4-fold rise in antitoxic IgA and IgG titers in 93% and 81% of children, respectively. In conclusion, the oral ETEC vaccine was safe and immunogenic in 2- to 12-year-old children, justifying further evaluation in infants.

PMID:
9841829
DOI:
10.1086/314543
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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