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Biosens Bioelectron. 1998 Oct 15;13(9):953-62.

Electrodeposited polytyramine as an immobilisation matrix for enzyme biosensors.

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Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


The application of an electrodeposited polytyramine film as an immobilisation matrix for the construction of enzyme biosensors is described. Glucose oxidase (used as a model enzyme) is covalently attached to free amine groups on the polytyramine film using the coupling reagents 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysuccinimide. The resultant recognition interface consisted of multilayers of GOx immobilised onto the polymer surface. This method of constructing enzyme biosensors is shown to produce a highly reproducible and stable device. The biosensor showed no loss in electrode response after four months of dry storage and exhibited only minor loss in response after 20 days of repeated use. The resultant biosensor had a linear range of 0.1-28 mM glucose and a detection limit of 0.01 mM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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