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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Nov 27;252(3):733-7.

Effect of extracellular palmitate on 2-deoxy-d-glucose uptake in muscle from Ad libitum fed and calorie restricted rats.

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Department of Kinesiology and Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA.


We studied the effect of a high physiologic concentration of palmitate (1mM) on in vitro 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) uptake by flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) muscle from ad libitum fed rats (AL) and rats fed 60% of ad libitum intake (CR) for 20 days. CR did not alter muscle 2DG uptake in the absence of insulin, but relative to AL, CR significantly (p<0.01) increased 2DG uptake in the presence of 20,000 microU/ml insulin. This effect of CR persisted in the presence of 1mM palmitate. The presence of 1mM palmitate significantly (p<0.01) impaired 2DG glucose uptake, both in the presence and absence of insulin, to the same extent in AL and CR muscle, despite an 18% decrease in FABPpm expression with CR. Thus, although CR profoundly affects insulin-mediated muscle glucose uptake, it does not alter the ability of extracellular fatty acid to modulate glucose utilization by skeletal muscle.

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