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Biochemistry. 1998 Dec 1;37(48):16958-66.

The p11 subunit of the annexin II tetramer plays a key role in the stimulation of t-PA-dependent plasminogen activation.

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Cancer Biology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N1.


Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is an important endothelial cell surface protein receptor for plasminogen and t-PA. AIIt, a heterotetramer, is composed of two p36 subunits (called annexin II) and two p11 subunits. In this report, we have compared the ability of the isolated p36 and p11 subunits to stimulate t-PA-dependent [Glu]plasminogen activation. The fluid-phase recombinant p11 subunit stimulated the rate of t-PA-dependent activation of [Glu]plasminogen about 46-fold compared to an approximate stimulation of 2-fold by the recombinant p36 subunit and 77-fold by recombinant AIIt. The stimulation of t-PA-dependent activation of [Glu]plasminogen by the p11 subunit was Ca2+-independent and inhibited by epsilon-aminocaproic acid. [Glu]Plasminogen bound to a p11 subunit affinity column and could be eluted with epsilon-aminocaproic acid. Both AIIt and the p11 subunit protected t-PA and plasmin from inactivation by PAI-1 and alpha2-antiplasmin, respectively. A peptide to the C terminus of the p11 subunit (85-Y-F-V-V-H-M-K-Q-K-G-K-K-96) inhibited the p11-dependent stimulation of t-PA-dependent plasminogen activation. In addition, a deletion mutant of the p11 subunit, missing the last two C-terminal lysine residues, retained only about 15% of the activity of the wild-type p11 subunit. Similarly, a mutant AIIt composed of the wild-type p36 subunit and the p11 subunit deletion mutant possessed about 12% of the wild-type activity. These results, therefore, suggest that the C-terminal lysine residues of the p11 subunit bind plasminogen and participate in the stimulation of t-PA-dependent activation of plasminogen by AIIt.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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