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Urology. 1998 Dec;52(6):1091-3.

Antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome with cyproterone acetate.

Author information

1
Genitourinary Medical Oncology Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether the antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome occurs with the steroidal antiandrogen cyproterone acetate.

METHODS:

Cyproterone acetate was withheld in 12 patients with progressing androgen-independent metastatic prostate cancer. Eight patients had been receiving cyproterone acetate concomitant with androgen ablation, and in 4 patients it was prescribed after failure of androgen suppression. Time to response and to disease progression were defined by serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and imaging studies.

RESULTS:

PSA levels decreased in 5 of the 1 2 patients; in 4 of them (33%), the decrease exceeded 50%. The decline lasted a median of 24 weeks (range 9 to 37.8). All 5 patients had received initial concomitant exposure to androgen ablation and cyproterone acetate.

CONCLUSIONS:

We recommend that the steroidal antiandrogen cyproterone acetate be added to the list of agents capable of inducing antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome.

PMID:
9836560
DOI:
10.1016/s0090-4295(98)00354-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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