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Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 1999 Jan;9(1):37-59.

The sonde exam.

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Department of Medicine, St. Görans Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Sonde-type enteroscopy has made it possible to potentially examine the entire depths of the small intestine. A relatively high diagnostic yield has been obtained by the sonde method in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. These features have made sonde enteroscopy a clinically accepted method. However, sonde-type enteroscopy has also some disadvantages making it less then a perfect endoscopy method. This article focuses on the technical aspects of sonde enteroscopy, but also summarizes the indications and the outcome of clinical studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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