Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 1998 Dec 1;92(11):4212-9.

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) prevents activation-induced cell death: IL-2-independent inhibition of Fas/fasL expression and cell death.

Author information

Pharmacology Section, the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and the Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.


Triggering of the TCR/CD3 complex with specific antigen or anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody initiates activation-induced cell death (AICD) in mature T cells, an effect also mediated by the Fas/FasL system. We have previously shown that CD2 stimulation rescues T cells from TCR/CD3-induced apoptosis by decreasing the expression of Fas and FasL. In the present study, we examined whether the endogenous production of IL-2 plays a role in the effects mediated by CD2 triggering. The results indicated that transcription of Fas/FasL is controlled by interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and that CD2 triggering rescues a T-cell hybridoma from AICD via decreased production of IL-2. To ascertain whether modulation of IL-2 may be a general mechanism of AICD control, we examined other stimuli, capable of modulating the expression of the Fas/FasL system and the ensuing AICD, for ability to affect production of IL-2. We found that IL-6 reduced the level of TCR/CD3-induced apoptosis and the expression of Fas/FasL, yet failed to inhibit IL-2 production. Because IL-2 is involved in both apoptosis and activation events, these results indicate that, in contrast to CD2, which inhibits apoptosis and T cell activation, IL-6 inhibits apoptosis but not IL-2-induced activation. These observations may provide the basis for differential control of T-cell activation and apoptosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center