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AIDS. 1998 Nov 12;12(16):2115-23.

Highly active antiretroviral therapy during early HIV infection reverses T-cell activation and maturation abnormalities. Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Z├╝rich, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the impact of early initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on disease-induced T-cell activation and maturation abnormalities during asymptomatic HIV infection.

DESIGN:

A prospective open-label trial of zidovudine, lamivudine and ritonavir in treatment-naive asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals with CD4 cells > or = 400 x 10(6)/l.

METHODS:

Peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ T cells derived from 15 asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals (median baseline CD4+ cells, 608 x 10(6)/l; CD8+ cells, 894 x 10(6)/l; plasma HIV RNA, 3.93 log10 copies/ml) undergoing therapy with zidovudine (300 mg twice daily), lamivudine (150 mg twice daily), and ritonavir (600 mg twice daily) were assessed for changes in expression of phenotypic markers of T-cell activation (HLA-DR and CD38) and maturation (CD45RA and CD45RO). At weeks 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24, T-cell subsets were quantified by flow cytometry and plasma HIV viral loads determined using reverse transcription PCR.

RESULTS:

HAART-induced decrease in plasma HIV RNA levels coincided with a significant reduction in numbers of activated CD4+/HLA-DR+ (maximum change, -36%; P < or = 0.05), CD8+/HLA-DR+ (maximum change, -66%; P < or = 0.005) and CD8+/CD38+ (maximum change, -51%; P < or = 0.01) T cells. A concomitant significant increase in numbers of naive CD4+/CD45RA+ (maximum change, +12%; P < or = 0.005) and memory CD4+/CD45RO+ (maximum change, +6%; P < or = 0.05) T cells was also evident, which contrasted with a significant decrease in memory CD8+/CD45RO+ cells (maximum change, -42%; P < or = 0.005).

CONCLUSION:

The observed ability of HAART during early asymptomatic HIV infection to initiate rapid reversal of disease-induced T-cell activation and maturation abnormalities, while preserving pretherapy levels of immune function, supports the concept that therapeutic advantage is to be gained by commencing early aggressive antiretroviral therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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