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Circulation. 1998 Dec 1;98(22):2429-32.

Minimizing the inhaled dose of NO with breath-by-breath delivery of spikes of concentrated gas.

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  • 1Section of Respiratory Medicine, Division of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Medical Physics, The Medical School, University of Sheffield, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulmonary vasodilatation with a 100 ppm concentration of NO given as a short burst of a few milliliters at the beginning of each breath (NOmin) was compared with conventionally inhaled NO, in which a full breath of 40 ppm of NO was inhaled (NOCD).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

NOmin was studied in 16 patients with severe pulmonary hypertension and in 16 isolated porcine lungs with experimentally induced pulmonary hypertension. We compared volumes of 8 to 38 mL of 100 ppm NO in N2 injected at the beginning of each breath with conventional inhalation of 40 ppm NO in air. NOCD and NOmin were studied in 4 pigs after inhibition of NO synthase with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (1 to 2 mg/kg IV) had raised the pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) from 4.4+/-0.8 to 10. 0+/-1.6 mm Hg. L-1. min-1. kg-1. A similar comparison was made in 7 isolated porcine lungs after the thromboxane analogue U46619 (10 pmol. L-1. min-1) increased the mean PVRI from 4.6+/-0.8 to 12.2+/-1. 3 mm Hg. L-1. min-1. kg-1. Patients' mean PVRI was reduced from 29. 2+/-3.7 to 24.0+/-3.1 with NOmin and 24.5+/-3.3 mm Hg. L-1. min-1. m-2 (mean+/-SEM) with NOCD. In isolated porcine lungs, there was the same reduction of PVRI for NOmin and NOCD between 12.7% and 34.8%.

CONCLUSIONS:

A small volume of NO inhaled at the beginning of the breath was equally effective as NOCD but reduced the dose of NO per breath by 40-fold, which ranged from 1.2x10(-8) (0.4 microg) to 1. 6x10(-7) mol/L (4.8 microg) compared with 5.3x10(-7) (16 microg) to 1.2x10(-6) mol/L (36 microg) per breath with NOCD.

PMID:
9832488
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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