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JAMA. 1998 Nov 18;280(19):1690-1.

What's the relative risk? A method of correcting the odds ratio in cohort studies of common outcomes.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-7510, USA. JunvZhang@NIH.GOV

Abstract

Logistic regression is used frequently in cohort studies and clinical trials. When the incidence of an outcome of interest is common in the study population (>10%), the adjusted odds ratio derived from the logistic regression can no longer approximate the risk ratio. The more frequent the outcome, the more the odds ratio overestimates the risk ratio when it is more than 1 or underestimates it when it is less than 1. We propose a simple method to approximate a risk ratio from the adjusted odds ratio and derive an estimate of an association or treatment effect that better represents the true relative risk.

PMID:
9832001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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