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Gene. 1998 Nov 19;222(2):269-78.

Overexpression of chicken interferon regulatory factor-1 (Ch-IRF-1) induces constitutive expression of MHC class I antigens but does not confer virus resistance to a permanent chicken fibroblast cell line.

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Institute for Virology and Immunobiology, University of Würzburg, Versbacherstr. 7, D-97078, Würzburg, Germany.


The chicken fibroblast cell line C32 has been transfected with the chicken homolog (Ch-IRF-1) of the mammalian transcription factor IRF-1. Stable transfectants were generated, constitutively overexpressing Ch-IRF-1 mRNA and protein. Cells overexpressing Ch-IRF-1 showed enhanced constitutive expression of MHC class I (B-F, beta-microglobulin) antigens. With increasing number of passages cells with normal B-F IV surface antigen expression accumulated. In the revertants, the amount of Ch-IRF-1 mRNA was reduced. Overexpression of Ch-IRF-1 had no effect on the constitutive expression and the induction by chicken interferon type-I and type-II (Ch-IFN) of guanylate-binding protein (GBP). Susceptibility to vesicular stomatitis virus, sindbis virus, Newcastle disease virus and vaccinia virus was not altered by overexpression of Ch-IRF-1. An antiviral state could be induced against all viruses tested by similar amounts of Ch-IFN type I in clone 20-18 expressing Ch-IRF-1 and cells transfected with empty vector.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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