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Mod Pathol. 1998 Nov;11(11):1046-51.

Usefulness of an immunohistochemical panel in paraffin-embedded tissues for the differentiation of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of small lymphocytes.

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Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois, USA.


Diagnosis of small B-cell lymphomas is sometimes difficult without fresh tissue for flow cytometry (FC) or immunohistochemistry (IHC). Therefore, we examined the usefulness of a paraffin section IHC panel consisting of antibodies to CD5, CD10, CD20, CD23, CD43, and cyclin D1. We tested 55 formalin-fixed small B-cell lymphomas, including 16 small lymphocytic lymphomas (SLLs), 10 mantle cell lymphomas (MCLs), 25 follicle center lymphomas (FCLs), and 4 mantle zone lymphomas (MZLs). Seventeen cases had B5-fixed sections that were stained in the same manner. The findings were correlated with FC immunophenotyping when available. All of the SLLs and 90% of the MCLs expressed CD5 by IHC, with occasional weak expression in some MCLs. All of the FCLs and MZLs lacked CD5 expression. These results were comparable to those obtained by FC. CD43 expression was seen in 100% of the SLLs, 90% of the MCLs, and 75% of the MZLs. CD23 expression was seen in 94% of the SLL; of these, 100% also showed expression of CD23 by FC. Cyclin D1 was detected in all of the MCLs by IHC but also in 3 of the 16 SLLs. CD23 was absent in all of the MCLs. CD10 expression was present in 21 (95%) of 22 FCLs. All of the 17 cases fixed in B5 showed a decreased immunoreactivity for CD5 in the neoplastic cells. In contrast, CD10 immunoreactivity was judged better in B5-fixed sections. We concluded, therefore, that anti-CD5 and -CD10 were useful tools in the differential diagnosis of B-cell lymphomas of small lymphocytes and that a paraffin-section IHC panel consisting of antibodies to CD5, CD10, CD20, CD23, CD43, and cyclin D1 was a useful ancillary technique that compared favorably with FC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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