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J Cell Biochem. 1998 Dec 1;71(3):449-58.

Regulation of insulin-like growth factors I and II and their binding proteins in human bone marrow stromal cells by dexamethasone.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Glucocorticoids inhibit the proliferation, but induce the differentiation, of bone marrow stromal cells into osteoblast-like cells. The mechanisms, however, are still conjectural. Since insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) have profound effects on osteoblast growth and differentiation, it is possible that glucocorticoids exert their effects on bone marrow stromal cells in part via regulation of IGFs. Therefore, we analyzed the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on the expression of IGF I and IGF II in cultured preosteoblastic normal human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC). Whereas Dex decreased the concentration of IGF I in the conditioned medium since early in the treatment, the concentration of IGF II was increased progressively as culture period lengthened. As the activities of IGF I and IGF II are regulated by the IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), we analyzed the effects of Dex on the expression of IGFBPs. Dex increased IGFBP-2 in a time-dependent manner. The increase in IGFBP-2, however, was only to the same extent as that of IGF II at most, depending on the length of treatment. Therefore, the increase in IGFBP-2 would dampen, but not eliminate, the increased IGF II activities. By contrast, Dex decreased IGFBP-3 levels, the latter increasing the bioavailability of IGF II. Although IGFBP-4 mRNA levels were stimulated by Dex, IGFBP-4 concentration in the conditioned medium was unchanged as measured by RIA. IGFBP-5 and IGFBP-6 mRNA levels were decreased by Dex in a time-dependent fashion. IGFBP-5 protein level was also decreased 1-4 days after Dex treatment. IGFBP-1 mRNA was not detectable in HBMSC. These accumulated data indicate that Dex regulates IGF I and IGF II and their binding proteins differentially in normal human bone marrow stromal cells. The progressive increase in IGF II may contribute to Dex-induced cell differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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