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Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1998 Sep-Oct;93(5):589-94.

Molecular genetic analysis of multi-drug resistance in Indian isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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1
National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

A total of 116 isolates from patients attending the out-patient department at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi and the New Delhi Tuberculosis Centre, New Delhi, India were collected. They were analyzed for resistance to drugs prescribed in the treatment for tuberculosis. The drug resistance was initially determined by microbiological techniques. The Bactec 460TB system was employed to determine the type and level of resistance in each isolate. The isolates were further characterized at molecular level. The multi-drug loci corresponding to rpo beta, gyr A, kat G were studied for mutation(s) by the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique. The SSCP positive samples were sequenced to characterize the mutations in rpo beta, and gyr A loci. While previously reported mutations in the gyr A and rpo beta loci were found to be present, several novel mutations were also scored in the rpo beta locus. Interestingly, analysis of the gyr A locus showed the presence of point mutation(s) that could not be detected by PCR-SSCP. Furthermore, rifampicin resistance was found to be an important marker for checking multi-drug resistance (MDR) in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This is the first report on molecular genetic analysis of MDR tuberculosis from India, and highlights the increasing incidence of MDR in the Indian isolates of M. tuberculosis.

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