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J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 4;273(49):32614-7.

Pb(II)-translocating P-type ATPases.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.


The cad operon of Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pI258, which confers cadmium resistance, encodes a transcriptional regulator, CadC, and CadA, an ATP-coupled Cd(II) pump that is a member of the superfamily of cation-translocating P-type ATPases. The Escherichia coli homologue of CadA, termed ZntA, is a Zn(II)/Cd(II) pump. The results described in this paper support the hypothesis that ZntA and CadA are Pb(II) pumps. First, CadC is a metal-responsive repressor that responds to soft metals in the order Pb>Cd>Zn. Second, both CadA and ZntA confer resistance to Pb(II). Third, transport of 65Zn(II) in everted membrane vesicles of E. coli catalyzed by either of these two P-type ATPase superfamily members is inhibited by Pb(II).

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