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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Nov;22(9):923-6.

Late-onset unilateral renal dysfunction combined with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a child.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Immunology, Mie University, Japan.


We report a child with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who developed late-onset multiple complications after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling. The preparative regimen consisted of total body irradiation (TBI, 12 Gy), splenic irradiation (6 Gy) and cytosine arabinoside (3 g/m2 x 10). Splenic irradiation was added because of persistent splenomegaly in spite of intensive chemotherapy. He developed bronchial asthma 1 1/2 years post transplant. He presented with microhematuria and proteinuria 4 1/2 years post-transplant, which were due to unilateral left renal dysfunction. He developed type II, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus 8 years post-transplant. A biopsy from the left kidney was not compatible with diabetic nephropathy. All these complications appear to be independently related to BMT, particularly TBI and/or splenic irradiation.

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