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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Nov;22(9):865-72.

Autologous bone marrow transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia using 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide-purged bone marrow and the busulfan/etoposide preparative regimen: a follow-up report.

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  • 1University of California San Francisco, USA.


We studied the use of autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults up to age 60. We used a preparative regimen of busulfan 16 mg/kg plus etoposide 60 mg/kg and bone marrow purged with 100 microg/ml of 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4HC). We treated 50 first remission patients; there were two treatment-related deaths and 13 relapses. With median follow-up of 6.8 years (minimum 4.5) disease-free survival (DFS) is 70%, relapse rate 27% and overall survival 72%. Patients with favorable cytogenetics had DFS 78% and relapse 18% whereas unfavorable patients had DFS 63% and relapse rate 35%. For 25 patients in second or third remission there were five treatment-related deaths and seven relapses. DFS is 52% and relapse rate 35%. None of six patients with primary refractory AML had long-term disease control. These data support the use of ABMT with an intensive preparative regimen and purged bone marrow as a highly effective treatment for adults with AML.

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