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Nature. 1998 Nov 12;396(6707):184-6.

Histone acetyltransferase activity of CBP is controlled by cycle-dependent kinases and oncoprotein E1A.

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Laboratoire Oncogénèse, Différenciation et Transduction du Signal, CNRS UPR 9079, Villejuif, France.


Transforming viral proteins such as E1A force cells through the restriction point of the cell cycle into S phase by forming complexes with two cellular proteins: the retinoblastoma protein (Rb), a transcriptional co-repressor, and CBP/p300, a transcriptional co-activator. These two proteins locally influence chromatin structure: Rb recruits a histone deacetylase, whereas CBP is a histone acetyltransferase. Progression through the restriction point is triggered by phosphorylation of Rb, leading to disruption of Rb-associated repressive complexes and allowing the activation of S-phase genes. Here we show that CBP, like Rb, is controlled by phosphorylation at the G1/S boundary, increasing its histone acetyltransferase activity. This enzymatic activation is mimicked by E1A.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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