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J Theor Biol. 1998 Nov 21;195(2):219-32.

Kinetic analysis of the mechanism of action of the multidrug transporter.

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Division of Biomedical Information Sciences, National Defense Medical College Research Institute, Saitama 359-8513, Japan.


To clarify the mechanistic role of PGP (P-glycoprotein) in multidrug transport, we constructed a kinetic model composed of four compartments: (1) the extracellular space; (2) the space in the membrane; (3) the intracellular space; and (4) the pore-like space in the PGP molecule. The kinetics of the concentration of ADM (adriamycin) in each compartment were formulated based on the assumptions that (a) the movement of ADM between two compartments by diffusion is dependent on a dynamic distribution coefficient introduced here, (b) the uptake of ADM into the pore-like structure by the pump mechanism activated by ATP is described by enzyme kinetics, (c) the movement of ADM out of the pore-like structure to the extracellular medium through a valve-like mechanism is also expressed by enzyme kinetics. The mathematical analysis of the exact solution can explain the distinct effects of verapamil and vanadate on the accumulation and release of ADM, where verapamil inhibits the efflux by the valve-like mechanism and vanadate blocks the influx by the pump mechanism. We also performed a numerical calculation with this model for a quantitative explanation and found the valid parameter values to fit the experimental data. These results support the modified hydrophobic vacuum cleaner model.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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