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Am J Cardiol. 1998 Nov 12;82(9B):4R-8R.

Natural history of cardiovascular and renal disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: effect of therapeutic interventions and risk modification.

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Medical Department M, Aarhus Kommunehospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.


Several observational studies document a considerably increased risk of advanced renal disease, cardiovascular disease, and early mortality in persons with diabetes. Both epidemiologic and observational studies indicate that progression of cardiovascular disease and renal disease is associated not only with high blood glucose levels, but also with hypertension and dyslipidemia. In persons with type 1 diabetes, hypoglycemic and antihypertensive therapy are important in the prevention of cardiovascular and renal disease. In those with type 2 diabetes, hypoglycemic therapy can help to prevent microvascular disease in the retina and in the kidney, and recent studies show that antihypertensive treatment is important in preventing cardiovascular disease. Thus, a multifactorial intervention program is key to preventing complications of hyperglycemia and, equally important, elevated blood pressure and dyslipidemia.

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