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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Nov 15;32(6):1687-94.

Comparison of thrombolytic therapy and primary coronary angioplasty with liberal stenting for inferior myocardial infarction with precordial ST-segment depression: immediate and long-term results of a randomized study.

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1
Division of Cardiology, Ospedale Santa Croce, Cuneo, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to compare randomly assigned primary angioplasty and accelerated recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), in patients with "high-risk" inferior acute myocardial infarction (ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads and ST-segment depression in the precordial leads).

BACKGROUND:

The ST-segment depression in the precordial leads is a marker of severe prognosis in patients with inferior myocardial infarction. The comparative outcome of treatment with primary angioplasty or lysis with accelerated rt-PA has not been investigated.

METHODS:

One hundred and ten patients within 6 h of symptoms were randomized to either treatment. To assess the in-hospital and 1-year outcome of both treatments the following results were compared: death or nonfatal infarction, recurrence of angina, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the need for repeat target vessel revascularization (TVR).

RESULTS:

In patients treated with angioplasty (55) and rt-PA (55) the rate of in-hospital mortality and reinfarction was 3.6% versus 9.1% (p=0.4). Recurrence of angina was 1.8% versus 20% (p=0.002), new TVR was used in 3.6% versus 29.1% (p=0.0003), and the LVEF (%) at discharge was 55.2+/-9.5 versus 48.2+/-9.9 (p=0.0001). There were no hemorrhagic strokes, no emergency coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and identical (5.5%) need for blood transfusions. At 1 year, the incidence of death, reinfarction or repeat TVR was 11% in the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) group versus 52.7% in the rt-PA group (log-rank 22.38, p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary angioplasty is superior to accelerated rt-PA in terms of both myocardial preservation and reduction of in-hospital complications in patients with inferior myocardial infarction and precordial ST-segment depression. Primary angioplasty also yields a better long-term event-free survival.

PMID:
9822097
DOI:
10.1016/s0735-1097(98)00446-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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