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Biol Chem. 1998 Oct;379(10):1301-4.

Inverse expression pattern of REST and synapsin I in human neuroblastoma cells.

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  • 1Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of the Saarland, Homburg, Germany.


The zinc finger protein REST is a repressor of neuronal genes in nonneuronal tissues. We have analyzed the expression of REST, together with the expression of a REST target gene, encoding synapsin I, in human neuroblastoma cells. It was found that REST and synapsin I are coexpressed in neuroblastoma cell lines, although the expression of REST was inversely proportional to the levels of synapsin I mRNA. Thus, increased expression of synapsin I was directly correlated with decreased expression of REST. These expression data are in excellent correlation with synapsin I promoter activity measured in neuroblastoma cells showing that an increase in the REST concentration switched off synapsin I promoter activity. We conclude that the concentration of REST determines the expression level of neuronal genes such as the synapsin I gene.

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