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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 1998 Oct;26(5):331-41.

Determination of the external forces applied to the mandible during various static chewing tasks.

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Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France.


The purpose of this study is to determine the external forces that are brought to bear on the mandible during 14 masticatory tasks, exerted in three defined mandibular positions. A static two-dimensional mandibular model is presented, taking into account projections in the sagittal plane of the forces exerted by six muscle groups and the joint reaction force. In calculating these external forces, two working hypotheses are adopted: the existence of a linear relationship between cross-sectional surface of the muscle and its maximum force of contraction, and the existence of a linear relationship between the electrical signal emitted by a muscle and the force the muscle then develops. Our first results are provided and compared with data from the literature. Individual variations recorded in the measurement of the different parameters involved in the equilibrium equations are such that they must be taken into account in the calculation of the forces. Moreover, the functional value of the muscles appears to be closely dependent on the mandibular position with which they are associated, which is not brought out in earlier studies. Finally, intra-joint action proves to be intense, although its direction varies according to the mandibular position and the type of exercise performed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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