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Biochemistry. 1998 Nov 17;37(46):16233-41.

Ferredoxin reduction by photosystem I from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: toward an understanding of the respective roles of subunits PsaD and PsaE in ferredoxin binding.

Author information

1
CEA, Département de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Section de Bioénergétique, C.E. Saclay, Gif sur Yvette, France.

Abstract

The process of ferredoxin reduction by photosystem I has been extensively investigated by flash-absorption spectroscopy in psaD and psaE deleted mutants from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. In both mutants, the dissociation constant for the photosystem I/ferredoxin complex at pH 8 is considerably increased as compared to the wild type: approximately 25- and 100-fold increases are found for PsaD-less and PsaE-less photosystem I, respectively. However, at high ferredoxin concentrations, submicrosecond and microsecond kinetics of electron transfer similar to that observed in the wild type are present in both mutants. The presence of these fast kinetic components indicates that the relative positions of ferredoxin and of the terminal photosystem I acceptor are not significantly disturbed by the absence of either PsaD or PsaE. The second-order rate constant of ferredoxin reduction is lowered 10- and 2-fold for PsaD-less and PsaE-less photosystem I, respectively. Assuming a simple binding equilibrium between photosystem I and ferredoxin, PsaD appears to be important for the guiding of ferredoxin to its binding site (main effect on the association rate) whereas PsaE seems to control the photosystem I/ferredoxin complex lifetime (main effect on the dissociation rate). The properties of electron transfer from photosystem I to ferredoxin were also studied at pH 5. 8. In the psaE deleted mutant as in the wild type, the change of pH from 8 to 5.8 induces a 10-fold increase in affinity of ferredoxin for photosystem I. In the absence of PsaD, this pH effect is not observed, in favor of this subunit being mostly responsible for the low pH increased affinity.

PMID:
9819215
DOI:
10.1021/bi981379t
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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