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Microb Drug Resist. 1998 Fall;4(3):233-9.

Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in Colombia: presence of international epidemic clones. Colombian pneumococcal study group.

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Instituto Nacional de Salud, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia.


The global spread of multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae clones is well documented in the literature. A study to determine type distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive pneumococcal isolates from Colombian children under the age of 5 was conducted from 1994 to 1996. Health centers in Santa Fe de Bogota, Medellin, Cali, and other cities collected 409 Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates. Diminished susceptibility to penicillin (DSP) was 15.6%; from these, 11.5% showed intermediate-level resistance (ILR) and 4.1% showed high-level resistance (HLR). Fifty-nine of the DSP isolates were examined by pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Capsular isolate types were 23F (54%), 14 (24%), 19F (10%), 6B (7%), 9V (3%), and 34 (2%). PFGE analysis revealed that 8 isolates shared the Spanish/USA international clone's characteristic features: PFGE pattern type A, serotype 23F; 87.5% exhibited HLR for penicillin, and all were resistant to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), tetracycline, and chloramphenicol. Another 7 isolates showed the French/Spanish international clone's features: PFGE pattern type B, 2 of them being serotype 9V; and 5 type 14; HLR to penicillin was 71%, and all proved resistant to TMP-SMX. A large cluster of 24 isolates (41% of all isolates examined) shared a common PFGE type C, with 14 subtypes; all but one, serotype 34, were serotype 23F and had ILR to penicillin; 58% were resistant to TMP-SMX and 50% to tetracycline, but none presented erythromycin or chloramphenicol resistance. The remaining 20 isolates could be grouped into 12 different PFGE types; ILR was shown in 75% of isolates, 70% were resistant to TMP-SMX and to tetracycline, 15% were resistant to erythromycin, and none were resistant to chloramphenicol. These data suggest that some Colombian isolates are clonally related to two of the well-known international epidemic S. pneumoniae clones.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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