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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Nov;158(5 Pt 1):1664-8.

Expression of adhesion molecules and G proteins in circulating neutrophils in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Author information

1
Servei de Pneumologia, Servei de Analisis Cliniques, and Unitat d'Investigació (REUNI), Hospital Universitari Son Dureta, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Abstract

We investigated the expression of adhesion molecules in circulating neutrophils (lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 [LFA-1], Mac-1, and L-selectin) and endothelial cells (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1[sICAM-1]) in 23 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 18 subjects with exacerbated COPD, and 23 healthy volunteers. Also, in these circulating neutrophils, we assessed the expression of two G protein subunits (Galphas and Galphai1/2). Compared with control subjects, patients with stable COPD showed increased expression of Mac-1 (p < 0.001) and lower levels of sICAM-1 (p = 0.002); LFA-1 and L-selectin expression was similar in patients and control subjects. During exacerbations, compared with stable patients, the expression of Mac-1 and LFA-1 was reduced (p < 0.001). Finally, the expression of Galphas (but not Galphai1/2) was also reduced (p < 0.001) in circulating neutrophils of patients with COPD, irrespective of the clinical condition of the patient. These results indicate that in patients with COPD: (1) the expression of some neutrophil adhesion molecules (Mac-1) is abnormal, and that this pattern changes during exacerbations; (2) there may be a form of endothelial dysfunction, as suggested by the low sICAM-1 levels; (3) the expression of G protein subunit (Galphas) in circulating neutrophils is downregulated, irrespective of their clinical conditions. Overall, these results indicate the presence of significant systemic abnormalities in COPD.

PMID:
9817722
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.158.5.9712092
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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