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HNO. 1998 Sep;46(9):809-14.

[Hereditary deafness in Turkey. Initial results].

[Article in German]

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Universitäts-HNO-Klinik, Ege-Universität, Medizinische Hochschule, Bornova-Izmir, Türkei.


The authors describe a study in progress to identify Turkish families with hereditary hearing loss and isolate possible responsible disease genes. Due to extreme genetic heterogeneity and limited audiological differentiation of hereditary hearing loss, it is necessary to identify large or small families from genetic isolates to locate loci responsible for hearing loss on a chromosome. To accomplish this goal, the medical records of 3800 children were examined at the ENT Clinic of Ege University between 1975 and 1994. All were suspected of having various hearing impairments. Additionally, students from two schools for the hearing impaired in Izmir and Eskisehir, Turkey were examined. To date, 16 families with syndromal deafness and 55 families with non-syndromal hereditary hearing loss involving two or more affected individuals have been identified and categorized according to the mode of inheritance. The majority (66%) of the non-syndromal families showed an autosomal recessive pattern, 29% an autosomal dominant inheritance and 5% an X-linked mode of inheritance. In the study presented there has been a predominance of affected males versus females and the consanguinity rate was 22%.

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