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Am J Ind Med. 1998 Dec;34(6):581-7.

Exposure opportunities of families of farmer pesticide applicators.

Author information

1
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA. gladen@niehs.nih.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Families of farmer pesticide applicators have unusual opportunities for exposure, directly or indirectly, to pesticides. These exposures are not well characterized.

METHODS:

Subjects were 26,793 licensed private pesticide applicators enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study, a cohort study being conducted in Iowa and North Carolina. Questionnaires were completed by the applicators and their spouses.

RESULTS:

Many indirect exposure opportunities exist; for example, 21% of homes are within 50 yards of pesticide mixing areas, 27% of applicators store pesticides in their homes, and 94% of clothing worn for pesticide work is washed in the same machine as other laundry. Direct exposure opportunities also occur; for example, 51% of wives of applicators worked in the fields in the last growing season, 40% of wives have ever mixed or applied pesticides, and over half of children aged 11 or more do farm chores.

DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:

The extent of the opportunities for exposure of family members of farmer pesticide applicators makes studies of their health important.

PMID:
9816416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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