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Clin Cancer Res. 1996 May;2(5):821-6.

Concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor in the sera of normal controls and cancer patients.

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1
Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22, Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113, Japan.

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to play crucial roles in tumor angiogenesis. We have investigated the circulating level of VEGF in sera from cancer patients as well as from healthy normal controls using a sensitive enzymatic immunoassay. Immunoreactive VEGF proteins were detectable in normal sera, and the cutoff level was determined to be 180 pg/ml. In examined patients with all types of cancer, including breast, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, and lung cancer, an aberrant increase in the circulating level of VEGF was detected. For example, in 137 primary breast cancer patients, 12 (8.8%) showed an aberrant increase in VEGF levels. This aberrant expression of VEGF in sera was significantly associated with the progression of the disease, and with VEGF protein expression in tumor tissues. In addition, a Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of the VEGF165 form in sera from a patient with recurrent breast cancer. It was concluded that VEGF was detectable in normal sera, and its level was increased in some populations of cancer patients. A positive angiogenesis regulator, VEGF might function as an endocrine growth factor, particularly for solid tumors.

PMID:
9816236
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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