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Clin Cancer Res. 1997 Jun;3(6):881-90.

In vivo toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and antileukemic activity of TXU (anti-CD7)-pokeweed antiviral protein immunotoxin.

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Hughes Institute, St. Paul, Minnesota 55113, USA.


We evaluated the TXU (anti-CD7)-pokeweed antiviral protein (PAP) immunotoxin in both murine and nonhuman primate models. TXU-PAP caused dose-limiting cardiac toxicity in BALB/c mice. In a SCID mouse model of invariably fatal human T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), TXU-PAP therapy resulted in a marked improvement of leukemia-free survival without any side effects. Whereas 100% of control mice treated with PBS, unconjugated TXU antibody, or B43-PAP (an immunotoxin that does not react with T-lineage ALL cells) died of disseminated human leukemia within 80 days (median survival, 37 days), 80 +/- 13% of SCID mice treated with 15 microgram of TXU-PAP (median survival, >120 days) and 100% of mice treated with 30 microgram of TXU-PAP (median survival, > 120 days) remained alive and free of leukemia for >120 days. In cynomolgus monkeys, TXU-PAP showed favorable pharmacokinetics with an elimination half-life of 8.1-8.7 h. The monkeys treated with TXU-PAP at dose levels of 0.05 mg/kg/day x 5 days and 0.10 mg/kg/day x 5 days tolerated the therapy very well, without any significant clinical compromise or side effects, and at necropsy, no gross or microscopic lesions were found. This study provides a basis for further evaluation of TXU-PAP as an investigational biotherapeutic agent in the treatment of T-lineage ALL.

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