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Clin Cancer Res. 1997 Oct;3(10):1685-90.

p53 immunohistochemical staining predicts residual disease after chemoradiation in patients with high-risk rectal cancer.

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1
Departments of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the value of p53 immunohistochemical staining of pretreatment biopsy specimens in predicting the response of rectal cancer to chemoradiation. The study group comprised 42 patients with high-risk rectal cancer treated between July 1990 and July 1995 with a preoperative chemoradiation regimen of 45 Gy of external-beam irradiation and continuous-infusion 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. p53 immunohistochemical staining was performed on pretreatment biopsy specimens. p53 immunohistochemical staining pattern and standard clinical and pathological parameters were correlated with extent of residual cancer in the surgical specimen. Twenty tumors were positive for p53 on immunohistochemical staining, 19 were negative, and 3 were focally positive. Thirteen patients experienced a complete response to chemoradiation. Aberrant p53 protein accumulation, as measured by immunohistochemical staining, correlated inversely with a complete pathological response to chemoradiation (P = 0.005; correlation coefficient = -0.43) and directly with an increased likelihood of residual cancer in the lymph nodes of surgical specimens (P = 0.02; correlation coefficient = 0.39). p53 immunohistochemical staining of pretreatment biopsy specimens correlates with the extent of residual disease after chemoradiation in patients with high-risk rectal cancer.

PMID:
9815551
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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