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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Nov 9;252(1):103-10.

Isolation of a novel human canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter, cMOAT2/MRP3, and its expression in cisplatin-resistant cancer cells with decreased ATP-dependent drug transport.

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Department of Biochemistry, Kyushu University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Maidashi, 812-8582, USA.


The human multidrug resistance protein (MRP) gene encodes a membrane protein involved in the ATP-dependent transport of hydrophobic compounds. We previously isolated a canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter, cMOAT1/MRP2, that belongs to the ATP binding cassette (ABC) superfamily, which is specifically expressed in liver, and cMOAT1/MRP2 is responsible for the defects in hyperbilirubinemia II/Dubin-Johnson syndrome. In this study, we isolated a new cDNA of the ABC superfamily designated cMOAT2/MRP3 that is homologous to human MRP1 and cMOAT1/MRP2: cMOAT2/MRP3 is 56% identical to MRP1 and 45% identical to cMOAT1/MRP2, respectively. Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated the chromosomal locus of this gene on chromosome 17q22. The human cMOAT2 cDNA hybridized to a 6.5-kb mRNA that was mainly expressed in liver and to a lesser extent in colon, small intestine, and prostate. The cMOAT2/MRP3 gene was not overexpressed in cisplatin-resistant cell lines with increased ATP-dependent transport of cisplatin over their parental counterparts derived from human head and neck cancer and human prostatic cancer cell lines. The human cMOAT2/MRP3, a novel member of the ABC superfamily, may function as a membrane transporter in liver, colon, and prostate.

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