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J Biol Chem. 1998 Nov 20;273(47):31388-94.

Molecular characterization of a newly identified heme-binding protein induced during differentiation of urine erythroleukemia cells.

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Department of Hygiene, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka 570-8506, Japan.


A heme-binding protein with a molecular mass of 22 kDa, termed p22 HBP, was purified from mouse liver cytosol, using blue Sepharose CL-6B. We identified a cDNA encoding p22 HBP, and sequence analysis revealed that p22 HBP comprises 190 amino acid residues (Mr 21,063) and has no homology to any other known heme-binding protein. The p22 HBP mRNA (approximately 1.0 kilobases) is ubiquitously expressed in various tissues and is extremely abundant in the liver. cDNA allows for expression of active p22 HBP, with a high affinity for 55Fe-hemin, with a Kd of 26 +/-1.8 nM. The Bmax of hemin binding to p22 HBP was 0.55 +/- 0.021 mol/mol of protein, a value consistent with one heme molecule binding per molecule of protein. The order of potency of different ligands to compete against 55Fe-hemin binding to p22 HBP was hemin = protoporphyrin IX > coproporphyrin III > bilirubin > palmitic acid > all-trans-retinoic acid. Treatment of mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells with dimethyl sulfoxide or hemin resulted in an increase in p22 HBP mRNA. The immunoblot analysis showed that p22 HBP increased with time in dimethyl sulfoxide- and hemin-induced MEL cells. Conversely, transfer of antisense oligonucleotides to p22 HBP cDNA resulted in a decrease of p22 HBP in dimethyl sulfoxide-treated MEL cells, and the heme content in these cells decreased to 66-71% of sense oligonucleotides-transferred cells. Thus, this newly identified heme-binding protein, p22 HBP, may be involved in heme utilization for hemoprotein synthesis and even be coupled to hemoglobin synthesis during erythroid differentiation.

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