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Hum Mol Genet. 1998 Nov;7(12):1851-8.

Multilocus linkage identifies two new loci for a mendelian form of stroke, cerebral cavernous malformation, at 7p15-13 and 3q25.2-27.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine and Departments of Cell Biology, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a Mendelian model of stroke, characterized by focal abnormalities in small intracranial blood vessels leading to hemorrhage and consequent strokes and/or seizures. A significant fraction of cases is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. Among Hispanic Americans, virtually all CCM is attributable to a founder mutation localized to 7q ( CCM1 ). Recent analysis of non-Hispanic Caucasian kindreds, however, has excluded linkage to 7q in some, indicating at least one additional CCM locus. We now report analysis of linkage in 20 non-Hispanic Caucasian kindreds with familial CCM. In addition to linkage to CCM1, analysis of linkage demonstrates linkage to two new loci, CCM2 at 7p13-15 and CCM3 at 3q25.2-27. Multilocus analysis yields a maximum lod score of 14.11, with 40% of kindreds linked to CCM1, 20% linked to CCM2 and 40% linked to CCM3, with highly significant evidence for linkage to three loci (linkage to three loci supported with an odds ratio of 2.6 x 10(5):1 over linkage to two loci and 1.6 x 10(9):1 over linkage to one locus). Multipoint analysis among families with high posterior probabilities of linkage to each locus refines the locations of CCM2 and CCM3 to approximately 22 cM intervals. Linkage to these three loci can account for inheritance of CCM in all kindreds studied. Significant locus-specific differences in penetrance are identified. These findings have implications for genetic testing of this disorder and represent an important step toward identification of the molecular basis of this disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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