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Plant Cell. 1998 Nov;10(11):1915-25.

The tomato Cf-5 disease resistance gene and six homologs show pronounced allelic variation in leucine-rich repeat copy number.

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Sainsbury Laboratory, John Innes Centre, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UH, United Kingdom.


The tomato Cf-2 and Cf-5 genes confer resistance to Cladosporium fulvum and map to a complex locus on chromosome 6. The Cf-5 gene has been isolated and is predicted to encode a largely extracytoplasmic protein containing 32 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs), resembling the previously isolated Cf-2 gene, which has 38 LRRs. Three haplotypes of this locus from Lycopersicon esculentum, L. pimpinellifolium, and L. esculentum var cerasiforme were compared, and five additional homologs of Cf-5 were sequenced. All share extensive sequence identity, particularly within the C-terminal portions of the predicted proteins. In striking contrast to the Cf-9 gene family, six of seven homologs in the Cf-2/Cf-5 gene family vary in LRR copy number, ranging from 25 to 38 LRRs. Cf-5 and one adjacent homolog differ by only two LRRs. Recombination events that vary the LRR copy number in this region could provide a mechanism for the generation of new specificities for recognition of different ligands. A recombination breakpoint between the Cf-2 and Cf-5 loci was fully characterized and shown to be intragenic.

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